• Analysing pupil performance data (primary) Data analysis of your pupils' performance is a key part of understanding attainment and improving teaching and learning. Get to grips with how to go about it, including what to focus on and how to analyse data from ASP and IDSR.
  • Analysing pupil performance data (secondary) Analysing your school's performance data is a key part of understanding attainment and improving teaching and learning. Read our guidance on how to go about it, including what to focus on, and how to analyse data from ASP and IDSR.
  • High, middle and low attainers: definition Pupils are grouped as high, middle or low attainers in the Key Stage (KS) 2 and KS4 performance tables, based on their prior attainment in KS1 and KS2 respectively. Read about the changes to how prior attainment bands are calculated in relation to scaled scores.
Show all articles
  • Attainment and progress: know the difference When it comes to measuring pupil performance, it's easy to confuse 'attainment' and 'progress'. Be clear about the difference so you can effectively analyse your school’s performance data.
  • EYFS: expectations of progress There's no specific expectation of progress in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Find out how Ofsted judges progress and read our case study to find out how one 'outstanding' school demonstrates progress.
  • Progress measures: pupils with SEN All pupils, including those with special educational needs (SEN), are included in whole-school progress measures. See how these are calculated, where to find the data and what you can do to monitor pupils working below the standard of the National Curriculum.
Show all articles
  • Primary school performance data: pupils with SEN There's no performance data for 2020 and 2021. Instead, take a look at the previous year's national performance data for primary pupils with special educational needs (SEN) covering Key Stage (KS) 1 and KS2.
Show all articles
  • Calculating the primary progress scores The DfE will share accountability measures but not performance tables for 2021/22. Understand how the 2019 Key Stage 1 to 2 progress measure was calculated, where you can access your progress scores, and what they mean.
Show all articles
  • Calculating progress 8 scores Find out how progress 8 is calculated for maintained schools and academies, including changes for 2021/22. Get to grips with confidence intervals, and use the DfE's tool to work out your school's score. See how the calculations differ for pupils with missing or incomplete data.
  • Progress 8 in special schools Progress 8 also applies to special schools, to compare their scores against the mainstream average and other special schools. Read advice on calculating progress 8 scores and on how this data is used.
  • Progress 8: which qualifications count? UpdatedRead guidance on the different elements that make up progress 8, including which qualifications are eligible for inclusion. Understand how discounting will affect multiple qualifications taken in the same subject.
Show all articles
Show all articles
  • Analysing KS5 data Find guidance on how to carry out data analysis of Key Stage (KS) 5 performance data. Also see the next steps to take when examining your findings.
  • Analysing pupil progress data in your subject or department See how to carry out data analysis on pupil progress, what to focus on, and how to use your findings to drive improvement in your subject or department.
  • Analysing your attendance and absence data Find out how to analyse your attendance data to spot patterns in absences for groups of pupils, identify reasons this may be happening and plan your next steps.
  • Analysing your exclusions and behaviour data Find out how to embed analysis of this data into your practice. You'll be able to support school improvement and show Ofsted you're proactive in identifying and addressing issues. Here's what to look for and how to take action.
  • Closing the gap: identifying groups to track Spotting underachievement early on is key to helping pupils catch up and keep up with their peers. Find out how to identify vulnerable pupil groups and decide which ones to track.
  • Pupil premium: accessing the list of eligible pupils Learn how to access the DfE's list of pupils eligible for the pupil premium, using the new Get Information About Pupils (GIAP) service.
  • Setting whole-school targets for attainment and progress Is there guidance on setting whole-school targets? We relay advice from one of our associate education experts on setting whole-school targets. You will also find a case study from a school and examples of good practice.
  • Using data to support school improvement UpdatedYour school has access to lots of data it can use for school improvement planning. Download our guide to get clarity on what data is available, how to use it, and how often to analyse it.
  • What not to do with pupil performance data Ofsted has warned against excessive use of data to assess pupil performance because it is not always reliable. Here are 5 common data practices that you could stop doing, and strategies to use instead, to identify what your pupils know and drive down teacher workload.
Show all articles