• Analysing pupil performance data (primary) Data analysis of your pupils' performance is a key part of understanding attainment and improving teaching and learning. Get to grips with how to go about it, including what to focus on and how to analyse data from ASP and IDSR.
  • Analysing pupil performance data (secondary) Analysing your school's performance data is a key part of understanding attainment and improving teaching and learning. Read our guidance on how to go about it, including what to focus on, and how to analyse data from ASP and IDSR.
  • High, middle and low attainers: definition Pupils are grouped as high, middle or low attainers in the Key Stage (KS) 2 and KS4 performance tables, based on their prior attainment in KS1 and KS2 respectively. Read about the changes to how prior attainment bands are calculated in relation to scaled scores.
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  • Attainment and progress: know the difference When it comes to measuring pupil performance, it's easy to confuse 'attainment' and 'progress'. Be clear about the difference so you can effectively analyse your school’s performance data.
  • EYFS: expectations of progress There's no specific expectation of progress in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Find out how Ofsted judges progress and read our case study to find out how one 'outstanding' school demonstrates progress.
  • Progress measures: pupils with SEN UpdatedAll pupils, including those with special educational needs (SEN), are included in whole-school progress measures. See how these are calculated, where to find the data and what you can do to monitor pupils working below the standard of the National Curriculum.
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  • Calculating primary progress scores UpdatedThe DfE has shared your school's provisional progress scores with you, but will not publish performance tables for 2021/22. Understand how the 2022 Key Stage 1 to 2 progress measure was calculated, where you can access your progress scores, and what they mean.
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  • Alternative provision: demonstrating pupil progress Progress 8 for pupil referral units (PRUs) and alternative provision (AP) academies isn't included in performance tables. Read advice on how you can demonstrate that your pupils are making good progress.
  • Calculating progress 8 scores Find out how progress 8 is calculated for maintained schools and academies, including changes for 2021/22. Get to grips with confidence intervals, and use the DfE's tool to work out your school's score. See how the calculations differ for pupils with missing or incomplete data.
  • Progress 8 in special schools Progress 8 also applies to special schools, to compare their scores against the mainstream average and other special schools. Read advice on calculating progress 8 scores and on how this data is used.
  • Progress 8: which qualifications count? Read guidance on the different elements that make up progress 8, including which qualifications are eligible for inclusion. Understand how discounting will affect multiple qualifications taken in the same subject.
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